Installing Plone 5 using pip
You do not need buildout to install Plone. Here's how.
A couple of years back we moved forward by converting Zope and Plone packages into eggs. This made us more on-par with the Python community. We also started using zc.buildout for managing our environment. One of the biggest wins of buildout was version pinning without installing eggs. This allows for a community wide effort to define a set of versions of packages that are known to works with an application (a Known Good Set). In the Plone world we use multiple KGSs. For example, the Plone 5 KGS extends the Zope2 KGS (which extends the ZTK KGS). The Plone KGS also overrides specific -or ‘pins’- versions, ie ‘Products.ZCatalog = 3.0.2’ vs ‘Products.ZCatalog = 2.13.17’.
The Python community nowadays mostly uses pip + a container (virtualenv, docker, etc) over buildout. Luckily pip now support constraint files. Constraint files specify version pins, but do not declare a concrete dependency. This also works for Plone, but we will have to create a constraints file (they do not yet exist for Plone and Zope). Install zc.buildout in a container and run the script.
virtualenv-2.7 . ./bin/pip install -U setuptools pip zc.buildout curl https://gist.githubusercontent.com/jaroel/d7f57b0884ab1eb3007cdd787fd388a2/raw/63d16672c0f701352a161b6e701372211f0ee502/make_constraintstxt.py -o make_constraints.py ./bin/python make_constraints.py > constraints.txt ./bin/pip install Plone -c constraints.txt
Next you should see something like this in your console:
❯ ./bin/pip install Plone -c constraints.txt Collecting Plone==5.0.3 (from -c constraints.txt (line 343)) Using cached Plone-5.0.3.zip Collecting plone.app.openid==2.1.0 (from -c constraints.txt (line 354)) Using cached plone.app.openid-2.1.0.zip Collecting Zope2==2.13.24 (from -c constraints.txt (line 359)) Using cached Zope2-2.13.24.tar.gz Collecting zope.site==3.9.2 (from -c constraints.txt (line 361)) Using cached zope.site-3.9.2.tar.gz Collecting zope.deferredimport==3.5.3 (from -c constraints.txt (line 362)) Using cached zope.deferredimport-3.5.3.tar.gz Collecting DocumentTemplate==2.13.2 (from -c constraints.txt (line 369)) Using cached DocumentTemplate-2.13.2.zip Collecting Products.ExternalMethod==2.13.1 (from -c constraints.txt (line 372)) Using cached Products.ExternalMethod-2.13.1.zip Collecting Products.CMFPlone==126.96.36.199 (from -c constraints.txt (line 375)) Downloading Products.CMFPlone-188.8.131.52.tar.gz (18.1MB) 100% |████████████████████████████████| 18.1MB 41kB/s
We can almost run our new Plone instance, but we need to create a few files. Normally I would create these using something like Cookiecutter, but for now this will have to do.
We have to create a Zope instance by hand:
./bin/mkzopeinstance --python=bin/python --user=admin:admin -d instance0
(un)Fortunately we cannot use z3c.auctoinclude, as it tries to read from the sys.path entries to load package. So we’ll need minimal custom site.zcml to make my Plone 5 instance run without z3c.autoinclude.
curl https://gist.githubusercontent.com/jaroel/69607863bbc9125df3aed0184c936ef2/raw/56ae4b8d35ec890ffe262e58105cc1784f8dc594/site.zcml -o ./instance0/etc/site.zcml
Next we can start our Plone instance by disabling z3c.autoinclude:
Z3C_AUTOINCLUDE_DEPENDENCIES_DISABLED=1 Z3C_AUTOINCLUDE_PLUGINS_DISABLED=1 ./instance0/bin/zopectl fg
And finally we’ll open our browser and point to http://localhost:8080/: